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The Atonement is the reconciliation with God of people who have sinned. It is a concept of forgiveness and repair, based on the mercy of God, another central idea of Christianity. [citation needed]


It attempts to explain why the sinless human being Jesus died, and in terms of the Trinity, why God, the second Person of the Trinity, incarnated in human flesh as Jesus Christ, suffered horribly and died on the Cross.

Especially prominent in western Christianity is the concept of substitutionary atonement pioneered by Anselm of Canterbury and adapted by Pierre Abélard, Thomas Aquinas, Hugo Grotius, John Calvin, John Miley and others. (Eastern Orthodoxy has a substantively different soteriology; this is sometimes cited as the core difference between Eastern and Western Christianity.)

A different concept of atonement exists in Judaism. The Holiest day of the year is the Yom Kippur, the "Day of Atonement". It comes exactly ten days after the Jewish New Year known as Rosh Hashanah.

Atonement theories in ChristianityEdit

1 - Christus VictorEdit

RecapitulationEdit

RansomEdit

2 - Moral InfluenceEdit

3 - SatisfactionEdit

Divine satisfactionEdit

Penalty or Punishment satisfactionEdit

4 - GovernmentalEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

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